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  • Writer's pictureJodie James

Understanding the Grieving Process: Common Reactions and Strategies for Healing

Loss and grief are integral parts of the human condition, with almost everyone experiencing this disconcerting cycle of emotions at some stage. In comprehending the grieving process, it is essential to recognise that it isn't linear, but rather a labyrinth of emotions that require both time and patience to navigate.

The Nature of Grief

Grief is a profound and complex emotional response to loss. It manifests in various ways and can affect every aspect of our being: emotional, physical, social, and spiritual. The metaphor of an emotional tsunami aptly captures the magnitude of what grief can feel like. In this section, we explore the many facets of grief. The emotional response to grief is not uniform or predictable. It may include feelings of sadness, anger, guilt, anxiety, loneliness, fatigue, helplessness, shock, yearning, emancipation, relief, or numbness. These emotions may appear simultaneously or sequentially, sometimes without warning. Grief also takes a toll on the physical body. Some common physical symptoms include headaches, nausea, chest pain, weight loss or gain, a change in appetite, and disrupted sleep patterns.

Contrary to popular belief, the grieving process is not a linear path through set stages. It's more akin to a roller coaster of emotions that can change from moment to moment. This understanding liberates us from the notion that grief is something to be 'worked through' to reach a final stage of 'acceptance.'

Every person's grief is unique, and there is no right or wrong way to grieve. The grief process is a deeply personal and individual experience. There is no timeline for grief, and it can't be forced or hurried. We can only strive to understand and accept our grief, allowing ourselves to feel what we feel without judgment or criticism.

Recognising the Five Stages of Grief

First delineated by Dr. Elisabeth Kübler-Ross, the five stages of grief have become a widely accepted model for understanding this complex process. Each stage reflects different reactions that we often encounter when dealing with grief and loss.


The first reaction to loss is often denial, acting as a temporary defence mechanism. We may subconsciously believe that if we refuse to accept the reality of the loss, it might reverse or be less painful.


As the masking effects of denial begin to fade, the pain re-emerges, often redirected and expressed as anger. We might direct it towards inanimate objects, strangers, friends, or family, seeking solace and understanding in the tumult of our emotions.


In an attempt to regain control, we might find ourselves bargaining. The "if only" statements prevail, accompanied by guilt and a desperate wish to turn back time and prevent the cause of our grief.


This stage represents the recognition of the inevitability and reality of the loss. A profound sadness envelops us, and we may withdraw from life, feeling that there is little point in going on alone.


Acceptance isn't about being 'okay' with the loss; rather, it's about recognising the new reality that includes the loss. We start to re-engage with our everyday life and learn to live with the altered circumstances.

Dealing with Grief: Strategies for Healing

Healing from grief is a gradual process, and it's crucial to respect our individual coping mechanisms. Here are some strategies that can aid the healing process:

Express Your Feelings

Articulating our feelings can be therapeutic. Talk to a trusted confidante, write in a journal, or express your feelings creatively. Sharing your loss makes the burden of grief easier to bear.

Maintain a Routine

Establishing a routine can restore a sense of control in your life. It provides a familiar structure and can offer comfort during chaotic times.

Care for Your Health

Physical health significantly influences our ability to cope with emotional stress. Eating a balanced diet, getting regular exercise, and ensuring adequate rest are critical components of healthy grieving.

Seek Professional Help

If grief feels like too much to bear, seeking the assistance of a grief counsellor or therapist can provide a safe space to express feelings and receive guidance. At Jodie James Counselling, we acknowledge the profound impact of grief and loss. Our dedicated bereavement counselling services offer compassionate support throughout your healing journey. With the right guidance, you can navigate your way through the grieving process, gradually emerging into a new phase of understanding, acceptance, and peace.


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